1928 Summer Olympics
|1928 Summer Olympics|
|Host City||Amsterdam, Holland|
The 1928 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the IX Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event which was held in 1928 in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Amsterdam had bid for the 1920 and 1924 Olympic Games, but had to give way to war-victim Antwerp, Belgium and Pierre de Coubertin's Paris, respectively. The only other candidate city for the 1928 Games was Los Angeles, which would host the Olympics four years later.
The United States Olympic Committee measured the costs and revenue of the 1928 Games in preparation for the 1932 Summer Olympics. The committee reported a total cost of US$1.183 million with receipts of US$1.165 million for a loss of US$18,000 - much less than that of the previous Games.
- For the first time, the Olympic Flame was lit during the Olympics. The torch relay, however, would not occur until the 1936 Summer Olympics.
- For the first time, the parade of nations started with Greece, which holds the origins of the Olympics, and ended with the host country, a tradition which continues today.
- Athletics events were held on a 400 metre track and would become the standard for athletics tracks.
- These games were the first to feature a standard schedule of 16 days, which is still followed. Previously, competition was stretched out over several months.
- Paavo Nurmi of Finland won his ninth and final gold medal, in the 10,000 m race.
- Canada's Percy Williams surprised everyone by winning both the 100 m and 200 m sprint events.
- These games were the first to bear the name "Summer Olympic Games".
- Germany returned to the Olympic Games for the first time since 1912, after being banned from the 1920 and 1924 Games. The German team finished second in the 1928 medal count.
- Amsterdam 1928. Games of the IX Olympiad
- The Ninth Olympiad. Amsterdam 1928. Official Report
- Louis S. Nixdorff Diary, July 10-August 15, 1928
|100 metres||Percy Williams (CAN)||Jack London (GBR)||Georg Lammers (GER)|
|200 metres||Percy Williams (CAN)||Walter Rangeley (GBR)||Helmut Körnig (GER)|
|400 metres||Ray Barbuti (USA)||James Ball (CAN)||Joachim Büchner (GER)|
|800 metres||Douglas Lowe (GBR)||Erik Byléhn (SWE)||Hermann Engelhard (GER)|
|1500 metres||Harri Larva (FIN)||Jules Ladoumegue (FRA)||Eino Purje (FIN)|
|5000 metres||Ville Ritola (FIN)||Paavo Nurmi (FIN)||Edvin Wide (SWE)|
|10000 metres||Paavo Nurmi (FIN)||Ville Ritola (FIN)||Edvin Wide (SWE)|
|110 metre hurdles||Sydney Atkinson (RSA)||Steve Anderson (USA)||John Collier (USA)|
|400 metre hurdles||David Burghley (GBR)||Frank Cuhel (USA)||Morgan Taylor (USA)|
|3000 metre steeplechase||Toivo Loukola (FIN)||Paavo Nurmi (FIN)||Ove Andersen (FIN)|
|4×100 metre relay|| United States
| Great Britain
|4×400 metre relay|| United States
|Decathlon||Paavo Yrjölä (FIN)||Akilles Järvinen (FIN)||John Doherty (USA)|
|Marathon||Boughera El Ouafi (FRA)||Manuel Plaza (CHI)||Martti Marttelin (FIN)|
|Long jump||Edward Hamm (USA)||Silvio Cator (HAI)||Alfred Bates (USA)|
|Triple jump||Mikio Oda (JPN)||Levi Casey (USA)||Vilho Tuulos (FIN)|
|High jump||Robert Wade King (USA)||Benjamin Hedges (USA)||Claude Ménard (FRA)|
|Pole vault||Sabin Carr (USA)||William Droegemuller (USA)||Charles McGinnis (USA)|
|Shot put||John Kuck (USA)||Herman Brix (USA)||Emil Hirschfeld (GER)|
|Discus throw||Clarence Houser (USA)||Antero Kivi (FIN)||James Corson (USA)|
|Javelin throw||Erik Lundqvist (SWE)||Bela Szepes (HUN)||Olav Sunde (NOR)|
|Hammer throw||Pat O'Callaghan (IRL)||Ossian Skiöld (SWE)||Edmund Black (USA)|
|100 metres||Betty Robinson (USA)||Bobbie Rosenfeld (CAN)||Ethel Smith (CAN)|
|800 metres||Lina Radke (GER)||Kinue Hitomi (JPN)||Inga Gentzel (SWE)|
|4×100 metre relay|| Canada
| United States
|High jump||Ethel Catherwood (CAN)||Lien Gisolf (NED)||Mildred Wiley (USA)|
|Discus throw||Halina Konopacka (POL)||Lillian Copeland (USA)||Ruth Svedberg (SWE)|
- ↑ Zarnowski, C. Frank (Summer 1992). "A Look at Olympic Costs". Citius, Altius, Fortius 1 (1): 16–32. Retrieved on 2007-03-24.